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Baba Ramdev

Baba Ramdev

Baba Ramdev

Baba Ramdev  pronunciation  (born as Ramkrishna Yadav in Haryana) is a spiritual leader known for his contributions in yoga, Ayurveda, politics and agriculture. He is best known for popularising yoga among Indians through his mass yoga camps and televangelism. He founded the Patanjali group of institutions. Ramdev has more recently become a vocal advocate on Indian political issues.

Ramdev was born as Ramkrishna Yadav to Ram Yadav and Gulabo Devi in Alipur village of Mahendragarh district, Haryana state, India.He studied Indian scripture, Yoga and Sanskrit in various gurukuls. He became a sanyasi and adopted the name "Baba Ramdev". While living in Kalwa Gurukul in Jind district, Haryana, he offered free yoga training to villagers for some time. He then moved to Haridwar in Uttarakhand and spent several years studying ancient Indian scriptures at Gurukul Kangri Vishwavidyalaya.

ENTRY INTO PUBLIC LIFE

He founded the Divya Yog Mandir Trust in 1995 and in 2003 Aastha TV began featuring him in its morning yoga slot. There he proved to be telegenic and gained a large following.

A large number of people and many celebrities in India and abroad have attended his yoga camps. He has taught yoga to many actors including Amitabh Bachchan and Shilpa Shetty. He became the first non-Muslim to publicly address Muslim clerics at their seminary in Deoband, Uttar Pradesh and has taught yoga in countries including Britain, the USA and Japan. In 2006, he was invited by Kofi Annan to deliver a lecture on poverty alleviation in a United Nations conference

POLITICAL CAMPAIGNS

Ramdev had announced plans to form Bharat Swabhiman, a political party, in 2010. He said that it would contest every seat in the next national elections.A year later, he said that he had no intention of forming a political party nor of entering politics directly but felt that he should influence politics by encouraging a groundswell of popular reaction.He had changed his mind again by 2014, when he announced that Bharat Swabhiman intended to contest some constituencies in the general election of that year and to form alliances with some other parties. It was at this time also that he voiced his support for Narendra Modi to become the next Prime Minister of India. His attempts to run yoga camps during that election campaign, allegedly to gain support for Modi, were stymied by the Election Commission of India (ECI) who determined that they were indeed politically motivated.The ECI had also tried to control his use of camps in the Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh state elections of 2013.

There is also an organisation called the Bharat Swabhiman Trust, founded by Ramdev and supporting his political campaigns.The financial arrangements of this and his two other trusts—the Divya Yog and Patanjali Yogpeeth—came under ECI scrutiny during the 2014 elections because of a complaint that they were being used to fund the campaigns of some political parties.

ANTI-CORRUPTION

Ramdev was associated with the 2011 Indian anti-corruption movement and was involved in the Jan Lokpal agitation, which was focused on promoting an independent body that would investigate alleged corruption.

On 27 February 2011 Ramdev held a large rally of over 100,000 people at the Ramlila Maidan, New Delhi to protest against corruption. Those present at the rally included Ram Jethmalani, Anna Hazare, Arvind Kejriwal, Kiran Bedi and Swami Agnivesh.

On 4 June 2011, Ramdev launched the Bhrashtachar Mitao Satyagrah at Ramlila Maidan, New Delhi. Key demands were:

Declare all illegal wealth/black money lying in foreign countries, which belong to Indians as National Property.

Declaring money laundering as a National Crime and should be punishable.

Investigate and shut down the Mauritius route of foreign investment.

Sign and ratify the United Nations Convention Against Corruption, pending since 2006

Recall Rs. 1000 and Rs. 500 notes to curb corruption, bribery and illegal flow of money in the internal economy of the country.

Enact a strong Lokpal bill.

Establish infrastructure to deliver medical and engineering education in Indian languages.

Enact Public Service Delivery Guarantee Act to enable all citizens to avail government/public services easily and quickly

Enact the Kisan Vetan Ayog to establish standards for payment of wages to farmers and classify farming as skilled labour.

Ramdev declared he would go on an anshan (indefinite fast) on 4 June 2011, at Ramlila Ground to pressure the government to root out corruption and repatriate the black money. After this declaration the government was said to have set up a panel to suggest steps to curb black money and its transfer abroad, in an apparent